Registered Professional Engineer in the following states:
--- Louisiana No. 24273 --- Mississippi No. 14644 --- Kentucky No. 21425 --- Wyoming No. 15040
--- Arkansas No.10285 --- Alabama No. 23944 --- Virginia No. 19577 --- West Virginia No. 19577 --- Texas No.117793
--- American Institute of Professional Geologists - Certification No. CPG-10282
--- Registered Texas Professional Geoscientists – License No. 6605
--- Registered Louisiana Professional Geologists - License No. 933
Earned Bachelor's degree in History (2006) from Middle Tennessee State University. Has worked as operations manager for Rapiere Resources Co. and consultant for Kimbrell & Associates, LLC since 2006. Joined Lucror Exploration Co. in 2013 as operations consultant.
Earned Bachelor’s Degrees in Petroleum Engineering (2013) and Geology (2014) from Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA. Has been working as a Consulting Petroleum Engineer and Geologist for Kimbrell and Associates, LLC and also performing work for Lucror Exploration Inc. since 2013 on a wide variety of projects including prospect generation and evaluation in north, central, and south Louisiana.
Mr. Hardy is a dedicated individual of the Lucror team with a passion for performing
geological and reservoir studies that generate long-term growth and success.
Earned a Bachelor degree in Physics from the University of Jos, Nigeria and a Master degree in Petroleum Engineering from Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA. Currently, working as an Associate Wells/Drilling Engineer at Kimbrell and Associates, LLC., working on several projects both onshore and offshore in the Gulf of Mexico.View Resume
This is a case study of an old field successfully resurrected back to commercial production by means of proper and efficient study, design, and implementation before and after the Macondo disaster. It considers the effects of working in an offshore environment in the aftermath of the Macondo incident compared to just before the incident. It also compares the aftermath effects of other disasters such as Hurricane Katrina.
This paper discusses practical concepts of game theory for the inclusion of “player affects or strategies” that may include “conflicting decision makers” and “negotiated” or “non-negotiated strategies” in the methodology for arriving at a fair market value of estimated reserves.
This paper presents an example of a method for identifying incremental productivity of inactive watered-out wells in complex reservoir structures with edge water. The method targets inactive/marginal wells associated with bypassed oil reserves and forecasts the potential of these wells through the use of dual well completions with downhole water drainage - Downhole Water Sink (DWS) technology. In DWS wells, the top completion produces oil as the water inflow is diverted by the bottom completion acting as water drain (or sink).
This paper overviews research efforts, to date, toward an expert system and well candidate selection program model, named Candidate Acquisition of Downhole Water Sink Potential or CadWasp. The final program will identify bypassed oil reserves that are accessible through re-entering inactive and orphaned wells with Downhole Water Sink (DWS) installations and prioritize these reserves according to their success potential. DWS uses two completions, one for the water column and one for the oil column to control water coning. The use of DWS technology is the primary target for this system, but the system is built to enable other types of well stimulations/enhancements to be able to target candidates as well.
This paper describes the effort to justify, document, and confirm proven, unproven, undeveloped, and bypassed remaining oil and gas reserves in West Delta Block 84 Field; at one time an orphaned field off the coast of Louisiana. The methodology used for the evaluation provides an insight into how to quickly and efficiently identify worthwhile and economic marginal properties, even with incomplete or missing information. This methodology is being used as a part of the development of an expert system for the evaluation of marginal and/or orphaned wells, reservoirs, and fields.
West Delta Block 84 Field is located off the coast of Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana. The intent of this endeavor is to prove that the two of the reservoirs, the KE-1 and KF-1, form a single communicating reservoir, the KEKF-R1; that a waterflood into the KF-1 reservoir was ineffective; that oil reserves were bypassed; and that a portion of these bypassed oil reserves can be recovered without drilling new wells.
In order to screen Louisiana oil reservoirs for application of other gas injection processes, mainly air, this database was updated. Each year, operators submit to DNR "Secondary Recovery and Pressure Maintenance Annual Data Sheets" (SRPMADS). Contained within these data sheets are the operator, field, project name (reservoir name), pertinent codes, date injection was initiated, production prior to initiation of injection, production since initiation of injection, total of cumulative production, injection volumes, average injection rate, latest reservoir pressure, latest estimate of ultimate recovery, number of producing wells and number of injection wells.
Gas injection for attic oil recovery was modeled in vertical sandpacks to compare the process performance characteristics of three gases, namely methane, nitrogen and flue gas. All of flue gas recovered oil more rapidly than methane because a large portion of the methane slug dissolved in the oil phase and less free gas was available for oil displacement. The total gas utilization for two cycles of gas injection was somewhat better for nitrogen as compared to methane and flue gas. The lower nitrogen utilization was ascribed to the lower compressibility of nitrogen.
The technical parameters of each reservoir are first compared to those of an “ideal” reservoir, and from that comparison, each reservoir is assigned a technical ranking. The technical parameters used in the screening process are remaining oil in place, minimum miscibility pressure, reservoir depth, oil API gravity, and formation dip angle.
Produced water is a fact of life in Louisiana. The largest volume of waste associated with oil and gas production operations in Louisiana, as well as nationally, is produced water.
The amounts of produced water are overwhelming compared to the amounts of hydrocarbons produced. In 1993, while over 1.2 billion barrels of produced water was being generated, less than 200 million barrels of oil and condensate and a little over 200 million BOE of gas was produced. From 1990 to 1993, the statewide WHR averaged approximately 3.2. Based upon numbers available for 1994 (through October) there has been a dramatic increase in statewide WHR to over 4.
If Louisiana is to move out of its current weak economic situation to a prosperous future, the state must build on existing strengths and better utilize our available resources as well as attract new industry. Oil and gas production is clearly an area of existing strength which must not be neglected.
In recent years, it has become increasingly difficult for major oil companies to economically produce many of the older domestic reservoirs because of declining well productivity and more stringent environmental regulations. Smaller independent operators are playing an increasingly important role in producing the remaining oil and gas, and it is anticipated that this trend will continue in the future. The small independent producers do not maintain research and development laboratories, nor do they have the large technical-support staffs found in the major oil companies. In mature fields with declining productivity, they seek to maintain profitability primarily through reduced overhead and hence rely, to a great extent, on technology and information available in the public domain. Thus, it is becoming increasingly important to maintain strong university components capable of supporting the domestic oil and gas producing industry.
Multiple, discountinuous sandstones of the Wilcox Group in central Louisiana were deposited in fluvial, deltaic, and marine sedimentary environments in the Tertiary Gulf of Mexico basin. Prolific hydrocarbon reservoirs developed in association with positive structure features or where sedimentary characteristics were favorable. Regional stratigraphic correlations are difficult because the Wilcox Group contains nunerous complex depocenters. To declineate the occurrence of hydrocarbon-bearing sediments and to promote furture exploration, a five-fold lithostratigraphic framework (units I-V, in descending order) is proposed for the Wilcox Group on the basis of its sedimentary character as interpretted from well logs.
Fine-scale correlation of sixty-two well penetrations of Sparta B sandstones (Middle Eocene) in Fordoche Field, Pointe Coupee Parish, Louisiana, shows the unit is compartmentalized into an upper and lower sandstone by a thin "shale" body that is resolvable on standard (1"= 100 ft) E-logs. Sedimentary structures and trace fossils preserved in conventional core of this thin "shale" indicate that it consists of interbedded fine to medium-grained sandstones and carbonaceous mudstones deposited as storm washover lobes, and tidal-inlet channels associated with a barrier-island complex. The bulk of Sparta B production (estimated at ~5.3 MM STB OIP and 2.6 BCF GIP) is from upper shoreface and storm-washover sandstones whose pore spaces contain diagenetic chlorite, kaolinite, and calcite. Enhanced oil recovery (EOR) techniques involving SHF (sequential hydrofluoric acid stimulation) have eliminated declining production rates caused by these diagenetic minerals. Remaining in-place oil and gas is 4,195,960 STB and 1,812 MMCF respectively. Sparta mudstone samples bear a pyrolysis signature confirming a barrier-island depositional regime. Tmax values indicate Sparta rocks are immature to marginally mature in south-central Louisiana. Combination of reservoir engineering and petrophysical techniques permits resolution of extremely thin, unconventional oil and gas reservoirs that contain large reserves of "by-passed" hydrocarbons.
The co-production enhanced gas recovery technique is a means of enhancing the ultimate recovery of gas in water-driven reservoirs. The technique prescribes production of water from watered-out wells downdip simultaneously with the production of gas updip, in order to lower the abandonment pressure, retard water influx, and increase production during the primary life of the reservoir. Lower pressure results in increased production due to the expansion in the updip areas as well as remobilization of the dispersed gas from watered-out areas downdip. By treating the reservoir as a system instead of regarding single wells as individual profit centers, the operator can manage some reservoirs more efficiently and profitably. The Gas Research Institute is funding the Louisiana Geological Survey/Louisiana State University to evaluate south Louisiana reservoirs based on site geology and operator interest for suitability for co-production. To date, the Louisiana Geological Survey has identified five reservoirs which appear, after preliminary screens, to be excellent candidates for the co-production technique. Computer simulations show approximate, but representative, predictions of substantial increases in production through utilization of co-production.
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